September 21, 2009 — Vivian E. Thomson, associate professor of environmental sciences and of politics, College of Arts & Sciences, "Garbage In, Garbage Out: Solving the Problems with Long-Distance Trash Transport." University of Virginia Press.
Listen to the UVA Today Radio Show report on this story by Marian Anderfuren:
Your garbage is going places you'd never imagine. What used to be sent to the local dump now may move hundreds of miles by truck and barge to its final resting place. The patterns of moving garbage reveal much about power sharing among state, local and national institutions and about competing notions of social fairness.
In "Garbage In, Garbage Out," Thomson looks at Virginia's status as the second-largest importer of trash in the United States and uses it as a touchstone for exploring the many controversies around trash generation and disposal.
Political conflicts over waste management have been felt at all levels of government. Local governments that want to manage their own trash have fought other local governments hosting huge landfills that depend on trash generated hundreds of miles away. State governments have tried to avoid becoming the dumping grounds for cities hundreds of miles away. The constitutional questions raised in these battles have kept interstate trash transport on Congress's agenda since the early 1990s. Whether the resulting legislative proposals actually address our most critical garbage-related problems, however, remains in question.
Thomson sheds much-needed light on these problems. Within the context of increased interstate trash transport and the trend toward privatization of waste management, she examines the garbage issue from a number of perspectives –including the links between environmental justice and trash management, a critical evaluation of the theoretical and empirical relationship between economic growth and environmental improvement, and a comparison the ways in which waste management practices in the U.S. differ from those in the European Union and Japan. Thomson then provides specific, substantive recommendations for policymakers.