“Don’t get me wrong, electric vehicles are an improvement on the status quo,” said Peter Norton, an urban mobility researcher at UVA. Norton’s book, “Fighting Traffic,” explores the social and physical transformation of the American city into a paradise for motorists. “[EVs] are an improvement like a filter was the improvement on a cigarette,” he says. “What we really need to do is stop smoking. The filter doesn’t solve that problem. Similarly, an electric car doesn’t solve car dependency.”