The University of Virginia Patent Foundation is celebrating its 30th year of dedicated service to the University's faculty, staff and student inventors. In that time, the Patent Foundation has generated more than $36.6 million in revenue for the University and distributed an additional $18.4 million to University inventors and their collaborators
All this week on UVA Today, we will be running profiles of University inventors who were honored by the Patent Foundation this past year. (Dec. 16, 2008 )
Cassandra L. Fraser, Ph.D.
“When you think of metal, you probably think of a hunk of metal,” Cassandra L. Fraser, a U.Va. chemistry professor said. “But there are metal compounds everywhere in nature — giving color and luminescence and serving as catalysts for enzymes throughout the natural world.”
Fraser is now harnessing these properties and many others through the controlled synthesis of what she calls "polymeric metal complexes." Bio-inspired and often composed of sustainable materials, many of these metallopolymers are designed to be "greener" and more biocompatible than existing materials with similar properties.
Together with graduate students Guoqing Zhang and Jianbin Chen, Fraser has developed one class of biomaterials with the potential to impact imaging techniques useful in many areas of biomedical research, including cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular research. The U.Va. Patent Foundation has filed a U.S. patent application on these new materials — which combine a boron dye with poly(lactic acid), a polymer derived from corn that is common in medical and sustainable packaging applications.
The novel materials exhibit several visually stunning and useful optical properties, including phosphorescence — visualized as an afterglow following exposure to ultraviolet light — that exists at room temperature and is extinguished in the presence of oxygen.
Fraser's team is also able to fine-tune the polymers' colorful displays across the spectrum. Together, these properties enable the polymers to serve as powerful optical imaging agents that could aid scientists in visualizing cellular and physiological processes and identifying tissues with low levels of oxygen, as in tumors and vascular blockages.
In addition, while traditional dyes can degrade after being exposed to a microscope's UV light, this class of polymers retains its brightness and therefore utility. It has served as a successful imaging agent in cells, in tissues and in vivo.
"There is a lot of potential for biomaterials that exist at the interface of biomedicine and sustainable design," Fraser said. "If we continue to explore areas that are fertile for new discoveries and technologies, sometimes things come together in exciting and surprising ways."