Faculty Spotlight: How Hoops Was a Sanctuary for This UVA Professor

February 18, 2020 By Whitelaw Reid, wdr4d@virginia.edu Whitelaw Reid, wdr4d@virginia.edu

Editor's Note: One in an occasional series about University of Virginia faculty members who are helping to make the University both great and good. Today’s installment features Joseph Williams, an associate professor of school counseling, who researches academic resilience in children who face social and economic hardships.


Whenever the power was shut off at his family’s house because of an unpaid bill, Joseph Williams headed to the basketball court.

When he didn’t have the money to do things other kids were doing, Williams went to the basketball court.

And when his family was being torn apart by his father’s drug addiction, the basketball court was, once again, Williams’ refuge.

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“I could just go there and be myself,” he said. “Nobody knew what situation we were in. I could go there and hide from my problems.”

Unfortunately, Williams’ two brothers couldn’t find similar sanctuaries. As a result, trouble followed them throughout their school years in Kansas City, Kansas. Williams, meanwhile, went on to play college basketball, then earned three degrees – a bachelor’s, a master’s and a Ph.D. Today, he is an associate professor of school counseling at the University of Virginia’s Curry School of Education and Human Development.

Back in Kansas, Williams’ brothers are still having a tough go of things, but are making strides against tremendous odds toward a better life. It’s a reality Williams is trying to come to terms with.

“I still carry that weight and that burden,” Williams said. “Sometimes it’s like survivors’ guilt. It’s like, ‘There’s no difference between us.’ I could switch places with them so easily.”

The question of how he was able to succeed academically while his brothers struggled is a driving force behind Williams’ research. While in graduate school at Minnesota State University, he started to realize he could use his own life experiences to help others.

“I wanted to learn more about other K-12 students who were academically successful, despite living in poverty and enduring hardships like family addictions. What are the protective factors and processes that protect them from the effects of these stressors?  How do we take that information and translate it into school interventions?” Williams said. “That’s been the main focus of my research up until this point.”

“He is able to speak the truth, but deliver it in a manner that allows a diverse audience to hear it. That is a rare talent.”

- Nancy Deutsch

In an attempt to explain achievement gaps, buzzwords like “grit” have made their way into our educational vernacular in recent years. Williams isn’t a fan of them.

“If you have two kids who live in poverty and one excels academically and the other doesn’t, by default, we point to student characteristics such as grit, work ethic, education value, motivation, etc., to explain the different outcomes. However, my research suggests that the capacity for academic resilience varies from one student to another, and can grow or decline over time based on the presence of multiple protective factors (individual and environmental assets) that mitigate the academic risks posed by economic and social hardship,” Williams said.

“‘Grit’ for me is actually just a new way of blaming students for their academic failure. It draws attention away from school policies and practices that might, intentionally or unintentionally, contribute to why students are struggling in school.”

Williams believes that every child in school – no matter their level of success – already has grit.

“The fact that some students come to school is a big thing,” Williams said. “Can you imagine what it must be like for a student to wake up in a cold house, maybe because the heat is shut off, then have to wash himself or herself with cold water, and find a pair of clean clothes to wear, before coming to school? I get that they may not be doing well academically or making the best choices, but the fact that they’re in school – let’s start there. We need to celebrate that.”

Left: Joseph Williams, in a Colby Community College basketball uniform holding a basketball right: Joseph Williams jumping to shoot a ball in a Minnesota State University.

Joseph Williams played basketball at Colby Community College before going on to play at Minnesota State University. (Contributed photo)

Attending school certainly wasn’t high on Williams’ list in the aftermath of his parents’ divorce.

That’s when Williams, in the fourth grade, immersed himself in basketball.

“During that time, the court was like my safe haven,” he said. “When I’d go there, nothing else actually mattered; my problems no longer existed.”

Eventually, the sport gave him supervision, mentors, the chance to travel, routines and discipline. Williams’ high school basketball coach, Robert Stamps, taught him how to shave – just the beginning of his education.

“I learned to take the passion and competitiveness that I had on the basketball court and translate it into the classroom,” Williams said. “In school I was super competitive. Everything was a competition to me, and that really helped.”

Thankfully, Williams also had a loving mother.

After the divorce, Williams, just like his brothers, began misbehaving in school. But then one day Williams overheard a conversation his mother was having with a friend. It changed everything.

Williams’ mother was talking to one of her friends about how proud she was of her son. “It was about something really little I had done in school,” said Williams, then an elementary-schooler. “I remember thinking, ‘She’s proud of that? Well, that’s nothing. I can do better than that.’

“I could have cared less about school, but it became like, ‘I’ll do this for her.’ Our relationship was that important. And then when I got to high school, it became more of, ‘Well I can do this for myself now.’”

He excelled in the classroom and on the basketball court before going on to Colby Community College in Colby, Kansas. After two years there, he received scholarship offers from lower-level Division I schools.

Ultimately, wanting to be part of a winning program, Williams accepted an offer from Division II powerhouse Minnesota State, where he earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees.

Williams and his brothers posed for a picture

Williams and his brothers have always been close. (Contributed photo)

Following his playing career, Williams was encouraged by Diane Coursol  a grad school faculty member and mentor, to go for his Ph.D.

“She really pushed the idea from a generational, breaking-poverty cycle [standpoint],” Williams said. “She said, ‘Think about what you could do for your brothers and nieces and nephews.’

“And I saw that it could give me a platform to do meaningful research to help kids and address social justice issues.”

Williams, a faculty affiliate with Youth-Nex: The UVA Center to Promote Effective Youth Development, and with the Center for Race and Public Education in the South, is doing just that, according to Curry School associate professor Nancy Deutsch.

“His work is truly inspired and inspiring,” she said. “He is deeply committed to making a real change in the lives of young people, particularly youth of color and youth who are often marginalized and underserved by our educational systems.

“He has generously given his time, energy and expertise to the local schools, providing workshops and talks on racial equity and related topics for teachers, parents and administrators. He is someone who practices what he preaches – not only working to train the next generation of scholars, but giving of his time to also work with local school systems to help provide support for current teachers and parents.”

A number of teachers who have attended Williams’ workshops and presentations have gone out of their way to tell Deutsch how impressed they were with his ability to connect with audiences about topics that can be difficult to talk about.

“He is able to speak the truth, but deliver it in a manner that allows a diverse audience to hear it,” Deutsch said. “That is a rare talent, and one that he is putting to good use in his work both in UVA’s classrooms and in our local community.”

“I don’t want them to think that basketball is their only way out. It’s about what extracurricular activities can do for you.”

- Joseph Williams

Williams, 37, has remained close with his brothers. His mother, remarried and living in Texas, is also a very big part of his life. “She’s always been strong,” Williams said. “We call her the pillar in our family.”

Williams’ father died in a car accident about four years ago. Several years before, he had achieved sobriety. Williams talked with him regularly, having long come to terms with his actions.

“I’ve learned that while we must hold ourselves accountable for the choices that we make, our choices are shaped and at times constrained by our environment. I often think about what it must have been like for my father growing up in the ’60s, and ’70s with few employment opportunities, the hyper-criminalization of black men, among other things – I can see how why he made some of the choices he made.”

One of the biggest takeaways in Williams’ research pertaining to how children overcome obstacles has been the importance of relationships. Williams said successful students, no matter how crazy their life experiences have been, are able to establish meaningful ones both inside and outside of schools, with peers and adults alike.

“It’s like a reciprocal thing – ‘I help you with this – will you help me with this?’” said Williams, referring to peer relationships. “Like we share resources because we don’t have a lot.”

For Williams, that was yet another benefit of playing basketball.

Looking back on his childhood, Williams knows how fortunate he was to have had the sport.

When Williams isn’t buried in his work, he still loves to play; he’s always on the lookout for good pick-up games in and around Charlottesville.

His love for basketball is obvious. When he talks about the finer points of the sport – such as court spacing and moving without the ball – he becomes animated, especially as it pertains to teaching those points to his 8-year-old son.

But when Williams speaks to children in the community, he’s sometimes hesitant to tell them about the role basketball played in his life.

“I don’t want them to think that basketball is their only way out,” he said. “It’s about what extracurricular activities can do for you. It’s not really about basketball. It’s about what I developed from it – like character traits, discipline, leadership skills, etc. There were just all these things I learned from this game.

“So it’s about, ‘What are you into, what are you passionate about and how can you leverage it?’ Even if you don’t play sports, anything that actually provides structure can be used as a learning tool.”

Williams knows that sharing the details of his own childhood, no matter how painful some of them can be, helps change lives.

“I’ve never been ashamed of my upbringing,” he said, “but am very humbled by it.”

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